Quantification, design and methodologies for the implementation of new models of energetic planning for socioeconomic development.
The current energetic model is not sustainable, due to the environmental impacts and social injustices it generates. In addition, the top-down management of the energetic model based on fossil fuels has headed towards constant crises in the past decade. In order to transit to a sustainable model, it is fundamental, on the one hand, to quantify the quantity of energy that we consume due to our lifestyle and consumption model. On the other hand, it is necessary to conduct a qualitative and quantitative study of the new sustainable energetic models that are being generated and of their integration models. Both issues have been covered in this thesis, through the analysis of the current energetic transitions, and, by calculating the embedded energy in products and services.